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European Water Framework Directive

In 2000, the European Parliament and the European Council adopted the Water Framework Directive (WFD, 2000/60/EC) aimed at implementing comprehensive water protection in the European river districts. Among others, the ICPR and its Action Programme served as an example of transboundary co-operation within an international river basin district.

The European Water Framework Directive

  • modernizes and harmonizes European water legislation
  • considers a river basin district as an entity
  • requires transboundary, integrated assessment and management
  • drafts a list of priority substances
  • focuses on indicators given by nature
  • defines the good chemical status
  • defines the good ecological status
  • fixes 2015 as deadline for achieving the good status in all European water bodies.

Among others, the ICPR programme “Rhine 2020“ implements requirements of the EU-Water Framework Directive and of adequate Swiss water policy in the Rhine watershed and embraces the Action Plan on Floods.

Targets and principles of the Water Framework Directive