As a consequence of the great floods of the Rhine in 1993 and 1995, the ICPR adopted the “Action Plan on Floods” for the Rhine on the occasion of the 12th conference of Rhine Ministers on 22 January 1998 in Rotterdam. It aims at improving flood protection for man and goods by 2020 and to extend and enhance the floodplains of the Rhine.
The plan is conceived in phases and will be implemented as part of “Rhine 2020“ by all Rhine bordering countries by 2020, entailing expenses of 12 billion Euros.
In 2005, the first balance was drawn within the implementation of the Action Plan on Floods (1995-2005). It reveals that almost all measures planned until 2005 have been implemented effectively and successfully at the costs estimated.
In 2007, the ministers in charge of Rhine protection as well as the EU-Commissioner for Environment confirmed the necessity to completely and rapidly implement the on-going national measures co-ordinated on an international level in order to achieve the objectives of the Action Plan on Floods by 2020. The recommended measures figure in the communiqué of the Conference of ministers 2007.
In 2010, the ICPR drew the third balance of the implementation of the Action Plan on Floods (1995-2010). It reveals that almost all measures planned until 2010 have been implemented effectively and successfully at the costs estimated.
The final assessment of the Action Plan on Floods 1995-2020 was published at the Rhine Ministers' Conference in February 2020 together with the final assessment of the Programme Rhine 2020. You will find it here in the form of a brochure. It constitutes a major basis for the Programme Rhine 2040.
Since 2015 the States of the Rhine basin have been preparing and implementing the "International Flood Risk Management Plan Rhine" according to the EU Floods Directive, which can be defined as the successor of the APF.