As a consequence of the great floods of the Rhine in 1993 and 1995, the ICPR adopted the “Action Plan on Floods” for the Rhine on the occasion of the 12th conference of Rhine Ministers on 22 January 1998 in Rotterdam. It aims at improving flood protection for man and goods by 2020 and to extend and enhance the floodplains of the Rhine.
The plan is conceived in phases and will be implemented as part of “Rhine 2020“ by all Rhine bordering countries by 2020, entailing expenses of 12 billion Euros.
In 2005, the first balance was drawn within the implementation of the Action Plan on Floods (1995-2005). It reveals that almost all measures planned until 2005 have been implemented effectively and successfully at the costs estimated.
In 2007, the ministers in charge of Rhine protection as well as the EU-Commissioner for Environment confirmed the necessity to completely and rapidly implement the on-going national measures co-ordinated on an international level in order to achieve the objectives of the Action Plan on Floods by 2020. The recommended measures figure in the communiqué of the Conference of ministers 2007.
In 2010, the ICPR drew the third balance of the implementation of the Action Plan on Floods (1995-2010). It reveals that almost all measures planned until 2010 have been implemented effectively and successfully at the costs estimated.
- Damage risks are to be reduced by 25 per cent.
- Extreme flood stages downstream the impounded sections are to be reduced by up to 70 cm.
- The population living in the immediate vicinity of the Rhine or near the Rhine is to be made aware of the existing risks by drafting maps of flood danger and risk pointing out the areas at risk.
- Periods of flood forecasting will be distinctly prolonged in order to avoid potential damage.